While most of us gives a lot of fuss on our skin, hair, makeup, eyes, lips, etc. Our nails are probably one of the few parts of our body that we lack more care. Personally, I consider having great looking and clean nails a reflection of the kind of person you are. It depicts your outlook towards personal hygiene. Well anyway, see common nail problems below and their causes and probably how we can avoid having a not so pleasing site when we lay our hands open.
Brittle nails and flaking of nails are very common due to excessive dryness of the nail plate.The nail plate is made up of dead keratin cells held together by a natural glue of fats and water.Any loss of fats and water causes the cells to separate and results in flaking and brittleness of the nails.
A.Many of our domestic chores remove the natural fats from the nails resulting in brittle nails, so do wear gloves.
B.Nail polish removers also have a dehydrating effect.If you have brittle nails avoid removing your nail polish too frequently.You can use a colorless polish or a base-coat or a top-coat, because then you can keep touching it up quite happily, without having to use the remover very frequently.
C.Regular massage around the nail-base with cream can have a good effect on brittle nails.
Hangnails are tears in the skin of the nail folds and the cuticle.The cuticle and the nail folds have a tendency to stick to the nail plate as it grows forward; the stretched cuticle may eventually tear.Sometimes the skin of the nail folds also cracks, particularly if it is dry.Nervous nail biting habits, chewing nails, and picking the cuticle all encourage the development of hangnails.
A.To avoid such conditions, keep the cuticles soft by massaging in creams and regularly loosening it from the nail-plate.
B.Clip off existing hangnails.
C.Avoid pulling off slivers as this can be very painful and can even cause infection of the nailfolds.
If the toenail is not cut properly, it penetrates into the nail-fold as it grows, causing redness, swelling and pain.
A.Don’t cut them too short;
B.Don’t ever cut down the side of the nail;
C.Always follow the shape of the toe;
D.Once the pain has started, try to push the nail-fold away from the sharp edge of the skin.
4.Fungal Infections Of The Nail
When fungus infects the nails, they become thickened, broken and discoloured.Fungal infection can be easily treated- griseofulvin is given for milder infection and ketoconazole for more severe types-but let your doctor treat you.